How to Manage Your Anger, c. 1150

botanical illustration of rose growing British Library, Egerton MS 747, f. 83r (c. 1280-1310)

One who is inclined to wrath should take rose and less sage and pulverize them. When the wrath is rising in him, he should hold this powder to his nostrils. The sage lessens the wrath, and the rose makes him happy.

Hildegard of Bingen, Physica (trans. Priscilla Throop)

Feeling some wrath coming on? One sniff of this medieval powder and ahhhhh…