How to Treat Redness of the Face, 12th century

ivory chess piece with hand on face, looking astounded “Did I overdo it?”
Queen, Lewis Chessmen (12th c.)

For removing redness from the face, we put on leeches of various colors, which are in reeds, but first we wash with wine the place to which they ought to adhere; they are usually placed around the nose and ears on both sides.

The Trotula (trans. Monica H. Green)

Feeling flushed? Bloodsucking parasites can help! Just don’t forget to remove the leeches of various colors before you go out for the evening.